"FreedomOF Religion" !
(Not FROM Religion)
Sometimes I think that Moses left off the eleventh Commandment…
"Thou shalt not be Stupid!"
The Bible talks about how sometimes people are "willingly ignorant." This has to be the case when it comes to the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States.
The First Amendment reads, "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof..."
The language can be easily understood to mean that there would never be a "state church" established by the government. And, that the government would never interfere with the free exercise of religion. Clearly this is freedom OF religion FROM intrusive government.
AND, note that the prohibitions are ONLY upon Congress and not upon a churche's or individual's religious exercise.
It is leftist, activist JUDGES that have taken it upon themselves to stand the First Amendment and all of it's terminology on it's head and interpret that Amendment to prohibit churches and individuals FROM the free exercise of religion anywhere on public or government property, by somehow imposing "seperation of church and state" upon the "free exercise" clause as well as the "establishment" clause.
It is little wonder that the Bible has so much to say about about the importance of placing righteous Judges upon the bench. Congress has not legislated abortion, it was the courts of the unrighteous Judges! Congress hasn't legislated the prohibition of prayer and the 10 Commandments in schools and goverment buildings,it was the courts of the unrighteous Judges!
NOWHERE in the entire Constitution or any of its Amendments does the phrase "Separation of church and state" even exist! (This phrase is actually from a personal letter from Thomas Jefferson to a Baptist Church - reasuring them that the government had no intentions of establishing a "state church" like the Church of England!)
NOWHERE in ANY official founding document does the phrase "Separation of church and state" even exist!
NOWHERE in the cumulative imaginations of our founding fathers was it ever even considered that this Amendment was to protect Government FROM religion!
The analogy would be that if you had a pre-WWII law that guaranteed freedom OF the Jews and then the Nazis come along and twist it to say freedom FROM the Jews!
This is no more absurd than the twisted "Freedom FROM Religion" - and it is no less dangerous - this time to the Church.
You as a Christian NEED to KNOW what the Constitution and its Amendments
actually say! Especially - the First Ammendment!
Amendment to the Constitution of the United States provides:
Rather straight forward language! The limitation is clearly on Congress. This, as the other articles of the Federal Bill of Rights, adopted in 1791, was intended to protect the people from intrusive acts by the new Federal Government; hence the language is phrased to prohibit action by the Federal Legislature. It does not suggest, aspire or pretend to create any new right, or to limit any other body, individual or corporate, in any regard whatsoever.
Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, declared adopted in 1868--though not without an ongoing controversy as to whether it was in fact legally adopted;--provides: All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
Sections 2, 3 & 4, were basically intended to punish the South for secession, and were either dated, or are irrelevant to our purpose. Section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment provides: The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
One may search the Congressional debates, both preceding and contemporaneous with the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment, without finding any suggestion that it was ever intended or seen to confer power on either Congress or the Courts to limit the public expression of religious sentiment or belief.
Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution provides in relevant part: The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
Section 2 of that Article provides in part: In all other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make. (The non-quoted parts of the Section define generally the class of cases to which the Federal judicial power extends, and as to which of those the Federal Supreme Court has original Jurisdiction. Since First Amendment cases come in under the appellate jurisdiction, after originating in a Federal District Court, the above are the only passages relevant to our subject.)
The American, most commonly and closely associated with the principles of the First Amendment, was Thomas Jefferson. And, while this is true as to all provisions; it is most distinctly and universally so in the case of the first two clauses, those that deal with the separation of Church and State and with freedom of religion. It was Jefferson, after all, who had just authored the 1786 ACT for establishing RELIGIOUS FREEDOM in Virginia. That Act begins with these five clauses:
Well aware that Almighty God hath created the mind free; that all attempts to influence it by temporal punishments or burthens, or by civil incapacitations, tend only to beget habits of hypocrisy and meanness, and are a departure from the plan of the Holy Author of our religion, who, being Lord both of body and mind, yet chose not to propagate it by coercions on either, as was in his Almighty power to do;[containing four different, clear and unambiguous acknowledgments of God].
You will note that, in effect, Jefferson attributes our system of religious freedom to the "Holy Author of our religion." The very concept is premised upon the acts of a specific deity. Or how else can even the most extreme secular humanist interpret the quoted language?!
It was also Jefferson, who coined the phrase, so often quoted by the foes of any religious observance in a public institution, to characterize those clauses as building a wall of separation between church and State, in a New Year's day, 1802, personal letter to Connecticut Baptists.
We cited Jefferson's comments on the Church directed Welfare system that prevailed at the time of Independence, in Chapter 1 of this Handbook, to show how the Collectivist "Liberals" have violated the Separation of Church and State in our time. It was Jefferson, also, who in founding the University of Virginia, had inscribed as its motto, the language from the Book of John (8:32): And you shall know the truth, and the truth shall set you free.
Jefferson closed his First Inaugural
Address on March 4, 1801, with these words:
In his Second Inaugural Address,
exactly four years later, he said:
Jefferson concluded the Second Inaugural Address: I shall need, too, the favor of that Being in whose hands we are, who led our forefathers, as Israel of old, from their native land, and planted them in a country flowing with all the necessaries and comforts of life; who has covered our infancy with his providence, and our riper years with his wisdom and power; and to whose goodness I ask you to join with me in supplications, that he will so enlighten the minds of your servants, guide their councils, and prosper their measures, that whatsoever they do, shall result in your good, and shall secure to you the peace, friendship, and approbation of all nations.
Before he left office, Jefferson again displayed the same reverential acknowledgment of our ultimate dependence upon a living God, in the conclusion to his final State of the Union address, November 8, 1808: I carry with me the consolation of a firm persuasion that Heaven has in store for our beloved country long ages to come of prosperity and happiness.
So spoke the foremost champion of
American religious freedom, while acting in his official capacity as our
foremost public servant. Nor were the sentiments of his successor, James
Madison, who has been dubbed the Father of the Constitution, any
And yet today, under the pretext that the Complainants are enforcing the Bill of Rights, schools and Court Houses have been ordered to take down the Ten Commandments; Public High School Valedictorians, known to be practicing Christians, have had their addresses cancelled, their texts subjected to prior restraint, even denied publication as dissents in their school newspapers, for no other reason than that they affirmed a personal belief in the same God the founders of America honored on virtually every public opportunity.
"Liberal" members of Congress and various State Legislatures have intoned on the need for legislation against "hate"; proposals, which would make it a criminal offense to proclaim the basic religious teaching that homosexuality is an abomination, or to treat those of other faiths as less worthy of favor or salvation, whether in Heaven or on earth; clear restraints on religious freedom, coupled with new programs to condition school children to be less fervent in pursuing the faith of their fathers throughout their lives.
To the question of religious observance
in public buildings, we look again to Jefferson. In an 1822 letter to Dr.
Thomas Cooper on plans for the University of Virginia, our retired third
President spoke fondly of the religious use of his own County Court House:
But of course then, we did not have
the benefit of the ACLU or activist Judges, who saw their mission to employ
the techniques of fallacious reasonings which only appear to be sound;
and the obscuring actual meaning; so as not to vindicate American freedom,
but to distort the terminology of that freedom out of any relationship
to what the Fathers intended.
A Closer Look At The Constitutional IssueIt was settled law that the First Amendment was not applicable to the States before the "adoption" of the Fourteenth Amendment. The latter, a creature of the Radical Reconstruction Congress, did indeed seek to change the basic Constitutional structure; but what the ACLU and activist Twentieth Century Justices have written into it, goes way beyond anything ever envisioned by even the most radical Reconstructionist.
The debates in Congress show clearly that the Amendment was intended to drastically change local law in many areas, as it pertained to legal disabilities imposed because of race. There were also a few--really very few--discussions as to its effect on religious bodies. In summary, those few amounted to this: It was seen as a basis to prevent a State from imposing a specific denial of equal right before the law to individual members of an out of favor religious denomination. But no one ever suggested that it would limit the right of a State or community to promote--in a non-denominational way--a reverence for the Creator, or a sense of dependence upon His ultimate Power.
Nor is there anything in the language (above)--which could possibly justify the United States Supreme Court in finding that the Fourteenth Amendment somehow made the specific limitation on Congress in the First Amendment applicable to the States. Nor did the Supreme Court in the opinion written by Hugo Black in Engel vs. Vitale, Jr.--the 1962 case, by which the Court first effectively forbade any school prayer--offer any explanation other than the bald-faced assertion (370 U.S. 421, 423) thatthe First Amendment of the Federal Constitution ...commands that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion"--a command which was "made applicable to the State of New York by the Fourteenth Amendment of the said Constitution."
Mr. Justice Black, so far from justifying the assertion which he put in quotations, didn't even deign to tell us who he was quoting, or from whence that quotation on applicability came. There are numerous clauses in the Fourteenth Amendment--see above--but none which apply on their face. Surely, America deserved a better explanation of the perceived nexus, than we were offered.
The opinion did go on to generalize what the Court claimed the Founding Fathers meant by the Establishment Clause--ie. that Congress cannot establish a State Church--out of all recognition by legal historians; citing Madison and Jefferson's work in disestablishing the Episcopal Church in Virginia in the 1780s. But that establishes no nexus. Nobody prior to Hugo Black and the Warren Court, ever considered a simple non-denominational acknowledgment of our dependence upon a Creator as an "Establishment of Religion."
The prayer forbidden in the Engel case was as follows:
Almighty God, we acknowledge our dependence upon Thee, and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our Country.
No one who objected to that prayer, was required to recite it.
We have already quoted the actual views of Jefferson and Madison on public dependence upon Almighty God. To pin down the point with absolute finality, we refer to the Declaration Of Independence, itself. While the power of the Federal Government comes wholly from the Constitution, it is not so with the States that created that Constitution. Their assumption of sovereignty--the right of self-government--is in the Declaration; and it speaks very clearly, indeed, on the subject of that New York prayer:
When ...it becomes necessary
for one people to ...assume among the Powers of the earth, the separate
and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God
Our whole system, then, is founded on four(4) assumptions:
There is a God of Nations who establishes the place of nations.
We may argue how best to honor God! We may, individually, even deny his very existence--at our own individual risk. But what we may not do, if heritage and honorable commitment mean anything, is to deny our fellow Americans their right to celebrate that heritage and renew that commitment to the God before whom the Fathers pledged their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor, in the cause that gave us the liberty to even hold this debate.
To those who believe in the God of the Fathers, the New York prayer was little more than simple courtesy; no more intrusive than suggesting that students say "please" and "thank you" when addressing their teachers.
Proverb 21:22 (NIV) says that a wise man will attack the city (court) of the mighty (tyrant) and take down their stronghold (strengths) in which they trust.
I believe that this is
saying that Christians need to switch from either being completely
passive or just defending our rights, to agressively reasserting those